Toyota All-Wheel Drive Vehicles

2023 Toyota Camry XSE driving in a storm

Whether you plan on doing some off-roading during a weekend excursion or you want to make sure you’re prepared no matter what Ohio winter has planned, Metro Toyota has a complete selection of all-wheel drive Toyota vehicles that keep you moving and offer an additional level of safety and control. Depending on how much off-roading you plan on doing in the Cleveland area, we’ll help match you up to the most appropriate vehicle for your preferred terrain and conditions. Find out more about the different all-wheel drive Toyota models with this guide from Metro Toyota, and then apply for financing online so that you can enjoy your model that much easier.

 

 

Toyota AWD Vehicles vs. 4WD Vehicles: What’s the Difference?

Many Parma drivers confuse all-wheel drive (AWD) and four-wheel drive (4WD). Both options provide enhanced stability and traction in most adverse weather conditions. It’s important to understand that these two drivetrains aren’t used interchangeably — your vehicle comes with one or the other. But what’s the difference between Toyota AWD vehicles and 4WD models?

What is AWD?

  • AWD is an abbreviation for all-wheel drive, a drivetrain form that distributes your engine’s torque to all four wheels.
  • If your vehicle has full-time AWD, it’s always engaged in this mode. However, part-time AWD reacts to driving conditions and your vehicle’s behavior, only sending torque to the wheels when necessary. The purpose of this configuration is to maximize fuel efficiency.

What is 4WD?

  • 4WD stands for four-wheel drive, also known as the 4×4 drivetrain.
  • 4WD systems distribute power to the rear and front axles, in addition to controlling the level of power that’s delivered to the left and right side of the vehicle, increasing your stability, control, and traction.
  • 4WD is typically viewed as an off-road performance feature found on body-on-frame models. These are generally truck-based vehicles.

Toyota AWD Vehicles

More Brunswick drivers are looking for vehicles to stand up to the dangerous road conditions that occur during inclement weather. Luckily, the lineup of all-wheel drive Toyota vehicles has a steadily growing collection of AWD options, as referenced by the following list:

Toyota AWD Features

Your vehicle’s AWD package might have different features depending on the specific model you select. The technology may vary between vehicles, but you can expect it to kick in when needed. Below are a few of the different types of AWD packages:

  • Dynamic Torque-Control All-Wheel Drive
  • Electronic On-Demand All-Wheel Drive
  • All-Wheel Drive with Active Torque Control

4WD Models

Toyota AWD offers plenty of control over your vehicle when conditions deteriorate. Regardless, certain situations might require an even higher level of control. You’d generally encounter conditions like deep mud, rocks, sand, and snow. The following vehicles easily conquer these conditions when 4WD is engaged:

Compared to all-wheel drive, four-wheel drive’s performance is better suited for rugged, off-road conditions.

Types of AWD Technologies on Toyota Models

Dynamic Torque-Control AWD:

  • This AWD system uses electromagnetic coupling ahead of the rear differential to engage and disengage the AWD system.
  • When the sensors and the computer detect that a tire is slipping (or spinning), it gently applies the brakes to the slipping tire.
  • This equalizes the traction on all wheels and helps preserve the forward momentum of the vehicle.
  • This system does not adjust the power going to each wheel.
  • The driveshaft that powers the AWD is always turning on this system – even if the electromagnetic coupler is disengaged.
  • This can add some additional drag to the vehicle, but it only sacrifices 3 or 4 MPG.

Dynamic Torque Vectoring AWD with Driveline Disconnect:

  • This AWD system uses multiple dog-clutch gears to engage the AWD system behind the transmission ahead of the rear differential and each rear tire.
  • The dog clutches allow the AWD system to distribute engine power to each wheel, as opposed to using selective braking like the Dynamic Torque-Control AWD system.
  • The system works by sensing a slipping wheel and disengaging the dog-clutch to that wheel. It then applies the extra power to the other non-slipping wheels to preserve forward momentum.
  • The unique design of the dog-clutch allows more torque to be distributed to each tire, which allows for more power than the Dynamic Torque Vectoring AWD system can provide.
  • The dog clutches also allow the driveshaft to disengage completely when AWD is not running, meaning that the driveshaft won’t continuously turn.

Electronic On-Demand AWD:

  • The Electronic On-Demand AWD system is found on some Toyota hybrid vehicles.
  • This system does away with driveshafts completely, replacing them with electric-motor generators for the rear tires.
  • There is no mechanical connection between the front and rear wheels.
  • When additional traction isn’t required, the rear wheel motors are turned off.
  • When the system senses additional traction is needed, the rear tire motors are switched on and distribute power as needed to each tire.

AWDe:

  • AWDe is set up to maximize fuel efficiency and minimize weight and drag and is therefore found on smaller hybrid Toyota AWD cars.
  • The AWDe system works the same as the Electronic On-Demand AWD system with some exceptions.
  • To begin, the rear motors are induction motors and only are available at speeds below 43 mph. This protects the AWD motors from burning out.
  • The AWDe system is also engaged up to 6 mph while the vehicle is accelerating.
  • This is due to the fact that electric motors operate more efficiently than gasoline engines at low speeds. This helps reduce emissions and fuel consumption.
  • If the system senses that traction is needed above 6 mph, it will stay engaged up until 43 mph. Otherwise, the AWD system will disengage if no traction is needed.

Find Your Toyota Model Today at Metro Toyota

Could you benefit from the Toyota AWD capability? Are you ready to make sure that your vehicle is ready for the snow and ice of winter without worrying about your family’s safety? If you answered yes, see us in person for a test drive. Get behind the wheel of any of the AWD models mentioned above and discover which Toyota feels best for you.

 

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